Rice Post Harvest Factsheets
Angoumois Grain Moth (Sitotroga cerealella )
They can be found flying around infested stores and infest crop before harvest.
Harvesting of Rice
Harvesting activities include reaping (cutting mature panicles and straw), stacking, threshing, cleaning and hauling. These can be done individually, or simultaneously using a combine harvester.
Larger Grain Borer (LGB) – (Prostephanus truncatus- Scania)
Adults bore into rice husks, producing large quantities of grain dust as they tunnel.
Pre-and Postharvest Management of Mycotoxins in Rice
Mycotoxins are poisonous substances produced by some molds, which grow on foods such as cereals, oil crops, fruits under moist and humid conditions.
Pre-harvest Rice Management
Time from planting to harvesting varies from 4 to 6 months. Rice is ready for harvesting when:
Red Flour Beetles (Tribolium castaneum)
Adults bore into rice husks, producing large quantities of grain dust as they tunnel
De-hulling is removing of husks to get brown rice, Milling is the process of removing bran and polishing is the process of getting white grains.
Rice Postharvest Handling
The postharvest system consists of a set of operations from harvest to consumption
Safe storage of rice for longer period is possible if three conditions are met:
Rice Value Addition
Value addition enhances profitability of rice production.
Rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae)
Rice weevil is easily confused with maize weevil.